Irish Lesson 108
Recognition drill for an modh coinníollach with irregular verbs
Form a picture in your mind of the phrase's meaning and of the subject (whether "I", "you", "he", etc.) as you say these phrases aloud:
Thiocfainn (HUHK-hin). Ní fheicfimis í (nee EK-hi-mish ee). An ndéarfadh sibh é sin? (un NYAY*R-huhk shiv ay* shin). Nach rachfá liom? (nahk* RAHK*-faw* luhm). Dá gcloisfidís (daw* GLISH-hi-deesh). Mura bhfeicfeadh sí thú. Dá dtiocfaimis libh. Chloisfeadh sé sinn. An rachaidís léi? Ní déarfá é sin. Nach dtiocfadh sí linn?
Key: I would come. We wouldn't see her. Would you-all say that? Wouldn't you go with me? If they were to hear. If she weren't to see you. If we came with you-all. He would hear us. Would they go with her? You wouldn't say that. Wouldn't she come with us?
Irregular verbs in the conditional mood
Here are the rest of the irregular verbs. Say all forms out loud, repeating them until you are familiar with them and can picture in your mind the meaning of each phrase.
"Déan" (day*n), do or make, has a future form: déanfaidh mé (DAY*N-hee may*), I will do. The conditional is:
dhéanfainn (YAY*N-hin), I would do
dhéanfá (YAY*N-faw*), you would do
dhéanfadh sé (YAY*N-huhk* shay*), he would do
dhéanfadh sí, she would do
dhéanfaimis (YAY*N-hi-mish), we would do
dhéanadh sibh, you-all would do
dhéanfaidís (YAY*N-hi-deesh) they would do
dhéantaí (YAY*N-tee), people would do
The rest of the forms for "déan" have these first elements:
Ní dhéanfainn, I would not do. An ndéanfainn? (un NAY*N-hin), would I do? Nach ndéanfainn?, wouldn't I do Dá ndéanfainn, if I were to do. Mura ndéanfainn, if I weren't to do.
The verb "ith" (i), eat, is irregular only in the future tense and the conditional mood. Íosfaidh mé (EES-hee may*) is "I will eat". The conditional is:
d'íosfainn (DEES-hin), I would eat
d'íosfá (DEES-faw*), you would eat
d'íosfadh sé (DEES-huhk* shay*), he would eat
d'íosfadh sí, she would eat
d'íosfaimis (DEES-hi-mish), we would eat
d'íosfadh sibh, you-all would eat
d'íosfaidís (DEES-hi-deesh), they would eat
d'íosfaí (DEES-fwee), people would eat
The rest of the forms of the conditional begin with:
Ní íosfainn, I would not eat. An íosfainn?, would I eat? Nach n-íosfainn?, wouldn't I eat? Dá n-íosfainn, if I were to eat. Mura n-íosfainn, if I were not to eat.
The verb "tabhair" (TOO-ir), give, becomes tabharfaidh mé (TOOR-hee may*), I will give, in the future tense. The conditional is therefore:
thabharfainn (HOOR-hin), I would give
thabharfá (HOOR-faw*), you would give
thabharfadh sé (HOOR-huhk* shay*), he would give
thabharfadh sí, she would give
thabharfaimis (HOOR-hi-mish), we would give
thabharfadh sibh, you-all would give
thabharfaidís (HOOR-hi-deesh), they would give
thabharfaí (HOOR-fwee), people would give
Other forms in the modh coinníollach begin with:
Ní tharfainn, I would not give. An dtabharfainn? (un DOOR-hin), would I give? Nach dtabharfainn?, wouldn't I give? Dá dtabharfainn, if I were to give. Mura dtabharfainn, if I were not to give.
"Beir air" (ber er), seize it or grab it, has "béarfaidh mé air" (BAY*R-hee may* ar) for the future, and the conditional is:
bhéarfainn (VAY*R-hin) air, I would seize it
bhéarfá (VAY*R-faw*) air, you would seize it
bhéarfadh (VAY*R-huhk*) sé air, he would seize it
bhéarfadh sí air, she would seize it
bhéarfaimis air, we would seize it
bhéarfadh sibh air, you-all would seize it
bhéarfaidís air (VAY*R-hi-deesh er), they would seize it
bhéarfaí (VAY*R- fwee) air, people would seize it
Na foirmeacha eile:
Ní bhéarfainn air, I would not seize it. An mbhéarfainn air? (un MAY*R-hin er), would I seize it? Nach mbhéarfainn air?, wouldn't I seize it? Dá mbhéarfainn air, if I were to seize it. Mura mbhéarfainn air, if I weren't to seize it.
The irregular verb most extensively changed in the modh coinníollach is "faigh" (faye), get. An aimsir fháistineach:
gheobhainn (YOH-in), I would get
gheofá (YOH-faw*), you would get
gheobhadh sé (YOH-uhk* shay*), he would get
gheobhadh sí, she would get
gheobhaimis (YOH-i-mish), we would get
gheobhadh sibh, you-all would get
gheobhaidís (YOH-i-deesh), they would get
gheofaí (YOH-fwee), people would get
The other forms are similar to the negative ní bhfaighidh mé, etc:
ní bhfaighinn (nee VWEYE-in), I wouldn't get
ní bhfaighfeá (nee VWEYE-faw*), you wouldn't get
ní bhfaigheadh sé (nee VWEYE-uhk* shay*), he wouldn't get
ní bhfaigheadh sí, she wouldn't get
ní bhfaighimis (nee VWEYE-i-mish), we wouldn't get
ní bhfaigheadh sibh, you-all wouldn't get
ní bhfaighfí (nee VWEYE-fee), people wouldn't get
Related forms begin with:
An bhfaighinn?, would I get? Nach bhfaighinn?, wouldn't I get? Dá bhfaighinn, if I were to get. Mura bhfaighinn, if I were not to get.
In the next lesson, we will look at ways to make use of the conditional easier for conversation.