Féilire - Irish Calendar
American Format

European Format

In European format, the week starts on Monday and ends on Sunday.

The accuracy of Dublin Time relies on your having your correct
time zone and your correct time set on your computer.

Live satellite view of Ireland

The days of the week, abbreviated in the calendars, are as follows.. The days generally take the article "an".The third row has the days in the Genetive to show how to say On Monday etc.








An Domhnach

An Luan

An Mháirt

An Chéadaoin

An Déardaoin

An Aoine

An Satharn

Dé Domhnaigh

Dé Luain

Dé Máirt

Dé Céadaoin


Dé hAoine

Dé Sathairn

The months of the year are usually preceded by Mí (month) so one speaks of Mí Eanáir - the
month of January, etc. Mí requires the genetive case so the changes below are required.







Mí Eanáir

Mí Feabhra

Mí na Márta

Mí Aibreáin

Mí na Bealtaine

Mí an Mheithimh



Meán Fómhair

Deireadh Fómhair



Mí Iúil

Mí Lúnasa

Mí Meán Fómhair

Mí Deireadh Fómhair

Mí na Samhna

Mí na Nollaig

Some Expressions of time follow

Deireadh Seachtaine: weekend.
coicís: fortnight.
ar fad coicíse: for the length of a fortnight.
ar fad seachtaine: for a week's time.
an lá ar fad: all day long.
laethanta saoire: vacation days.
am bricfeasta: breakfast time.
am loin: lunch time.
am dinnear: dinner time.
am codhlata: bed time.
ar maiden: in the morning.
go luath ar maiden: early in the morning.
lár an lae: midday.
um trátnona: in the afternoon.
san oiche: at night.
go mall san oiche.
inné: yesterday.
arú inné: the day before yesterday.
amarach: tomorrow.
arú amarach: the day after tomorrow.
ar a trí a chlog: at 3 O'Clock.
deich tar éis a haon: 10 after 1.
leathuair tar éis a seacht: half past 7.
fiche go dtí a sé: 20 to 6.
ceathru tar éis a cuig: quarter after 5.


Tips for Special Days:
The days of the week won't use the article if there's something else to make the word definite:
Luan Cincíse (Whit Monday), Máirt na hInide (Shrove Tuesday), Céadaoin an Luaithrigh (Ash Wednesday), Céadaoin an Bhraith (Spy Wednesday), Déardaoin Deascabhála (Ascension Thursday), Déardaoin Mandála (Holy/Maundy Thursday), Aoine an Chéasta (Good Friday), Domhnach Cásca (Easter Sunday)

Note - Cincís (Pentecost), Inid (Shrovetide), luathrach (ash), brath (feeling, perception), deascabháil (ascension), mandáil (maundy), céasadh (crucifixion), Cáisc (Easter, Passover)

We also don't use the article after words like "go" or "gach":
Fan ansin go Luan = Stay there until Monday
Tagann sé gach Domhnach = He comes every Sunday

Tips for months:
Meán Fómhair (September, ie middle of autumn)
Deireadh Fómhair (October, ie end of autumn)
Samhain (November) Mí na Samhna (the month of November)
Nollaig (December) Mí na Nollag (ie the month of Christmas)

note - meitheamh generically means middle month, so:
Meitheamh an tSamhraidh (mid-summer, June)
Meitheamh an Fhómhair (mid-autumn, September)
Mí Mheán an tSamhraidh (June)

Tips on seasons:
The seasons are:
an tEarrach (spring) an Samhradh (summer) an Fómhar (autumn) an Gheimhreadh (winter)

The Celtic year is divided into 2 halves - summer beginning on Bealtaine (May 1) and winter on Samhain (Nov 1). Midway through those halves there were the festivals of Imbolg (Feb 1) and Lúnasa (Aug 1).

Imbolg (earlier Oímelg) is only mentioned in early literature and is said to derive from an old word for "lactation", although the "bolg" part seems to indicate the swollen bellies of the animals. It was always associated with the birth of young animals, and has been Christianized into the feast of St Brighid, whose protection is invoked on farm animals nowadays. St Brighid's crosses are hung in cow-byres. A piece of cloth called "St Brighid's mantle" is hung outdoors overnight to gather dew, believing that Brighid touched it as she passed by and this would signify general agricultural prosperity.

Bealtaine (earlier Beltine) originally meant "bright fire", although I've seen various alternatives - the mouth of the fire (béal tine), the fire's of Bel (an ancient god). Bealtaine marked the beginning of good weather, sowing season, and the time when the prospective milk-yield became clear. Last bonfires were built (tine cnáimh - bonefire) to encourage the sunshine and the animals were "purified" by driving them between the fires.

Lúnasa (Lughnasa) was the feast of Lugh, god of arts and of the harvest.

Samhain marks the beginning of the dark season - shorter days, winter weather, dying plants - and so was associated with the dead and the otherworld. Midnight of Oíche Shamhna (Samhain Eve) was the time when the path between this world & the next was open and spirits were free to roam the earth. A fire was left burning on the hearth to warm the dead ancestors who would congregate there. Masks were worn to prevent the dead from recognizing the living and possibly taking them back to the otherworld with them. The fairies move from their summer to their winter homes on Oíche Shamhna. Samhain was Christianized to All Saint's Day, and Oíche Shamhna made into All Hallow's Eve (Hallowe'en). ----- Brad Wilson.

Background Music: Blue Velvet Band.
Java courtesy of Lithic Software.
Appendix courtesy of Brad Wilson.
Irish courtesy of Vivian & Jack.
Home Page