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Naoi Cór na hAingeal - Nine Choirs of Angels


The bible mentions nine ranks or choirs of Angels. The angels shown below are in descending order from the highest rank to the lowest. The most numerous are simply angels. There are more sightings of them in the bible than we can mention here. The most common misconception about angels is that we become an angel when we die. Though it makes for a nice story, it is simply not true. Angels differ from us, just as we differ from the dogs and other animals that we love.
God's word describes His angels as messengers, mighty warriors, and guides. He used them to appear to Hagar, Mary and Joseph, Daniel, John, Paul, and numerous others throughout the Scriptures.
The listing of the Nine Angelic Choirs for angels was developed by a theologian in the sixth century named Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite in the book "Celestial Hierarchy" and was endorsed and accepted by Thomas Aquinas in Summa Theologica in the thirteenth century. They are found in the bible. The names of the choirs are:

Seraphim, Cherubim, Thrones, Dominations, Virtues, Powers, Principalities, Archangels, and simply Angels

Saraifíní, Ceiribíní, Thróin, Thiarnais, Phrionsachtaí, Chumhachtaí, Ard-aingil, Aingil
The first Choir of Angels: the Seraphim.
These are the highest order or choir of angels. They are the angels who are attendants or guardians before God's throne. They praise God, singing, "Holy Holy Holy is the Lord of Hosts". the only Bible reference is Isaiah 6:1-7 In Holy Writ these angelic beings are distinctly mentioned only in Isaiah's description of his call to the prophetical office (Isaiah 6:2 sqq.). In a vision of deep spiritual import, granted him in the Temple, Isaiah beheld the invisible realities symbolized by the outward forms of God's dwelling place, of its altar, its ministers, etc. While he stood gazing before the priest's court, there arose before him an august vision of God sitting on the throne of His glory. On each side of the throne stood mysterious guardians, each supplied with six wings: two to bear them up, two veiling their faces, and two covering their feet, now naked, as became priestly service in the presence of the Almighty. His highest servants, they were there to minister to Him and proclaim His glory, each calling to the other: "Holy, holy, holy, God of hosts; all the earth is full of His glory." These were seraphim, one of which flew towards Isaiah bearing a live coal which he had taken from the altar, and with which he touched and purified the Prophet's lips, that henceforth these might be consecrated to the utterances of inspiration.
Isaiah 6:1
(6:1) An bhliain a bhfuair an Rí Uiziá bás, chonaic mé an Tiarna ina shuí ar ríchathaoir ard; agus an sanctóir líonta lena scuaine:
(6:1) In the year king Uzziah died, I saw the lord seated on a high and lofty throne, with the train of his garment filling the temple.
(6:2) bhí saraifíní os a chionn, sé cinn d’eiteoga ar gach aon acu; dhá cheann ag clúdach a ngnúise, dhá cheann lena gcosa a chlúdach, dhá cheann chun eitilte.
(6:2) Seraphim were stationed above; each one of them had six wings: with two they veiled their faces, with two they veiled their feet, and with two they hovered aloft.
(6:3) “Is naofa, naofa, naofa Tiarna na Slua !" Agus bhí siad ag scairteadh na bhfocal seo ar a chéile: "Tá an talamh lán dá ghlóir !”
(6:3) "Holy, holy,holy is the Lord of hosts !" they cried one to the other. "All the earth is filled with his glory !"

The second highest choir of Angels: the Cherubim.
The Cherubim rank after the seraphim and are the second highest in the nine hierarchies or choirs of angels. They were closely linked in God's glory. They are manlike in appearance and double-winged and were guardians of God's glory. The bible references them in Genesis 3:23.

Genesis 3:23.
(3:23) Uime sin dhíbir an Tiarna Dia as gairdín éidin é chun an talamh as ar tógadh é a shaothrú.
(3:23) The Lord God therefore banished him (Adam) from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from which he had been taken.
(3:24) Dhíbir sé an duine, más ea, agus chuir sé na ceiribíní agus claíomh lasrach ag síorchasadh, os'comhair ghairdín éidin chun an tslí go crann na beatha a chosaint.
(3:24) When he expelled the man, he settled him east of the garden of Eden; and he stationed the Cherubim and the fiery revolving sword, to guard the way to the tree of life.

Choir 3, 4, 5, 6 7: The Thrones, Dominations, Virtues, Principalities, and Powers.
God creates the thrones, Dominations, Virtues, Principalities, and Powers
The VIRTUES, [the usual translation of the name of this order of angels as "virtues" is readily misleading if the old meaning of the word "virtue" as "power" or "force", especially as regards to divine beings (cf Oxford English Dictionary), is not remembered.

Colossians 1:16.
(1:16) mar is trídsean a cruthaíodh a bhfuil ar neamh agus ar talamh bídís sofheicthe nó dofheicthe, idir Thróin agus Thiarnais idir Phrionsachtaí agus Chumhachtaí. Is trídsean agus dósan a cruthaíodh an t-iomlán. (1:16) In him everything in heaven and on earth was created, things visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominations, principalities or powers, all were created through him, and for him.
Ephesians 1:21 Virtues
(1:20) chuir sé ag obair i gCríost nuair a thóg sé ó mhairbh é agus chuir ina shuí ar a dheis sna flaithis é
(1:20) It is like the strength he showed in raising Christ from the dead and seating him at his right hand in heaven,
(1:21) go hard os cionn gach ceannas agus údarás agus cumhacht agus tiarnas agus os cionn gach ainm dar féidir a ainmniú ní sa saol seo amháin é ach sa saol atá le teacht chomh maith.
(1:21) high above every principality, power, virtue, and domination, and every name that can be given in this age or in the age to come.
The eighth Choir of Angels: the Archangels
The Archangel Michael drives Satan into Hell.
Revelation 12:7.
(12:7) Ansin bhris cogadh amach sna flaithis, níor mhór do Mhícheál agus dá chuid aingeal troid leis an dragan. D’fhreagair an dragan agus a chuid aingeal an cath. (12:7) Then war broke out in heaven; Michael and his angels battled against the dragon. Although the dragon and his angels fought back
(12:8) ach ní rug siad bua, agus ní bhfuarthas a n-ionad sna flaithis feasta. (12:8) they were overpowered and lost their place in heaven
(12:9) An dragan mór, an nathair nimhe chianaosta, an té ar a dtugtar an Diabhal agus Sátan, an té a mheallann an saol go léir, teilgeadh chun na talún é, agus teilgeadh a aingil mar aon leis. (12:9) The huge dragon, the ancient serpent known as the devil or Satan, the seducer of the whole world, was driven out; he was hurled down to earth and his minions with him.



The Archangel Raphael and Tobiah:
If you have ever been curious about what angels are really "like" do read the book of Tobiah. The angel Raphael in human form accompanies the young Tobiah and his dog on a quest on behalf of his father over a period of several years. It is toward the end of their journey and return to Tobiah's father, a devout Jew exiled in Nineveh, that Raphael identifies himself as the Archangel Raphael "one of the seven who stand before the Lord." This is the only book in the bible where the reader is able to "look over the shoulder" of a bona fide angel as he moves in human form

This is the passage where the Archangel identifies himself
Tobit 12:14.
Más ea, nuair a bhí tusa agus Sárá ag guí is mise a d’ofráil bhur n-urnaithe suas mar chuimhneachán i láthair ghlóir an Tiarna agus a léigh iad; agus ba é an scéal céanna é nuair a bhítheá ag adhlacadh na marbh. (12:12) I can now tell you that when you, Tobit, and Sarah prayed, it was I who presented and read the record of your prayers before the Glory of the Lord; and I did the same thing when you used to bury the dead.
(12:14) Cuireadh chugat mé chun tú a thástáil agus ag an am céanna chuir Dia uaidh mé chun thú féin agus Sárá, bean chéile do mhic, a leigheas. (12:14) At the same time, however, God commissioned me to heal you and your daughter-in-law Sarah.
(12:15) Is mise Rafael, ceann den seachtar aingeal atá ina lucht freastail ar Dhia na glóire agus a théann isteach ina láthair.” (12:15) I am Raphael, one of the seven angels who enter and serve before the glory of the Lord.



The Archangel Gabriel visits Mary.
Séú mí, cuireadh an t-aingeal Gaibriéil ó Dhia go dtí cathair sa Ghailíl darbh ainm Nazarat, (1:26) "And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth,
2. chun maighdine a bhí luaite le fear de theaghlach Dháiví darbh ainm Iósaef, agus b’é ab ainm don mhaighdean, Muire.
(1:27) To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary.
The ninth Choir: The Simply Angels
The Angel at the tomb of Christ
Matthew 28:2
(28:2) Agus bhí maidhm mhór talún ann, mar thuirling aingeal an Tiarna ó neamh agus tháinig ag iompú na cloiche siar agus shuigh sé uirthi. (28:2) Suddenly there was a mighty earthquake, as the angel of the Lord descended from heaven. He came to the stone, rolled it back, and sat on it.
(28:3) Bhí a ghnúis mar a bheadh splanc agus éadach air a bhí chomh bán le sneachta. (28:3) In appearance he resembled a flash of lightning while his garments were as dazzling as snow.


Aingeal Cosantoir - Guardian Angel

That every individual soul has a guardian angel is not clearly stated in the bible and has never been defined by the Church, and is, consequently, not an article of faith; but it is the "mind of the Church", as St. Jerome expressed it: "how great the dignity of the soul, since each one has from his birth an angel commissioned to guard it." (Comm. in Matt., xviii, lib. II).
Matthew 18:10
(18:10) “Aire daoibh gan bheith neamhshuimiúil i nduine ar bith de na rudaí beaga seo, óir deirim libh, bíonn a n-aingil ar neamh ag breathnú de shíor ar ghnúis m’Athar atá ar neamh. (18:10) "See that you despise not one of these little ones; for I say to you that their angels in Heaven always see the face of My Father Who is in Heaven" (Matthew 18:10),



The Guardian Angels II

That every individual soul has a guardian angel is not clearly stated in the bible and has never been defined by the Church, and is, consequently, not an article of faith; but it is the "mind of the Church", as St. Jerome expressed it: "how great the dignity of the soul, since each one has from his birth an angel commissioned to guard it." (Comm. in Matt., xviii, lib. II).

.

(91:10) Ní thiocfaidh aon urchóid i d’aice, ná aon phlá i gcóngar do bhotha,
(91:10) No evil shall befall you, nor shall affliction come near your tent,
(91:11) óir thug sé ordú dá aingil i do thaobh: tú a chosaint i do shlite go léir.
(91:11) for to his angels he has given command about you, that they guard you in all your ways.
(91:12) Iompróidh siad thú lena lámha sula mbuailfeá do chos in aghaidh cloiche.
(91:12) Upon their hands they shall bear you up, lest you dash your foot against a stone.


Christmas: Angels at the Birth of Christ.
luke (2:7)
(2:7) agus rug sí a céadghin mic, agus chuir i gcrios ceangail é, agus shín i mainséar é, de bhrí nach raibh slí dóibh san ósta.
(2:7) She (Mary) gave birth to her first born son and wrapped him in swaddling clothes and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.
(2:8) Agus bhí aoirí sa taobh tíre céanna, amuigh faoin spéir, ag faireacháin oíche i mbun a dtréada.
(2:8) There were shepherds in the region, living in the fields and keeping night watch by turns over their flocks.
(2:9) Agus sheas aingeal an Tiarna láimh leo, agus shoilsigh glóir an Tiarna ina dtimpeall, agus bhí uamhan agus eagla mhór orthu.
(2:9) The angel of the Lord appeared to them as the glory of the Lord shown around them, and they were very much afraid.
(2:10) Agus dúirt an t-aingeal leo: “Ná bíodh eagla oraibh: óir féach, tá dea-scéala agam daoibh a chuirfidh áthas mór ar an bpobal uile:
(2:10) The angel said to them: "You have nothing to fear ! I come to proclaim good news to you- tidings of great joy to be shared by the whole people
(2:11) rugadh Slánaitheoir daoibh inniu – is é Críost an Tiarna é – i gcathair Dháiví.
(2:11) This day in David's city a saviour has been born to you, the Messiah and Lord.
(2:12) Agus is comhartha daoibh é seo: gheobhaidh sibh naíonán i gcrios ceangail agus é ina luí i mainséar.”
(2:12) Let this be a sign to you: in a manger you will find an infant wrapped in swaddling clothes."
(2:13) Agus bhí go tobann, mar aon leis an aingeal, cuallacht de shlua na bhflaitheas ag moladh Dé agus ag rá:
(2:13) Suddenly there was with the angel a multidude of the heavenly host, praising God and saying:
(2:14) “Glóir do Dhia in uachtar neimhe, agus síocháin ar talamh don mhuintir ar a bhfuil a ghnaoi!”
(2:14) Glory to God in the highest, peace on earth to men of good will."

Courtesy of Vivian Jack, IrishPage.com, Dec 2008
Irish Scripture from Biobla Naofa trans by an sagart
who is Mons. Pádraig ó Fiannachta (Fr. Fenton) from Co. Kerry.
English Bible text from New American Bible.

Filleadh go liosta
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