Naoi Cór na hAingeal - Nine Choirs of Angels
The bible mentions nine ranks or choirs of Angels. The angels shown
below are in descending order from the highest rank to the lowest. The
most numerous are simply angels. There are more sightings of them
in the bible than we can mention here.
The most common misconception about angels is that we become an angel
when we die. Though it makes for a nice story, it is simply not
true. Angels differ from us, just as we differ from the dogs and
other animals that we love.
God's word describes His angels as messengers, mighty warriors, and
guides. He used them to appear to Hagar, Mary and Joseph, Daniel,
John, Paul, and numerous others throughout the Scriptures.
The listing of the Nine Angelic Choirs for angels was developed by a
theologian in the sixth century named Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite
in the book "Celestial Hierarchy" and was endorsed and accepted by
Thomas Aquinas in Summa Theologica in the thirteenth century. They
are found in the bible. The names of the choirs are:
Seraphim, Cherubim, Thrones, Dominations, Virtues, Powers, Principalities,
Archangels, and simply Angels
Saraifíní, Ceiribíní, Thróin, Thiarnais, Phrionsachtaí, Chumhachtaí,
These are the highest order or choir of angels. They are the angels
who are attendants or guardians before God's throne. They praise
God, singing, "Holy Holy Holy is the Lord of Hosts". the only Bible
reference is Isaiah 6:1-7 In Holy Writ these angelic beings are
distinctly mentioned only in Isaiah's description of his call to the
prophetical office (Isaiah 6:2 sqq.). In a vision of deep spiritual
import, granted him in the Temple, Isaiah beheld the invisible
realities symbolized by the outward forms of God's dwelling
place, of its altar, its ministers, etc. While he stood gazing
before the priest's court, there arose before him an august vision
of God sitting on the throne of His glory. On each side of the
throne stood mysterious guardians, each supplied with six wings: two
to bear them up, two veiling their faces, and two covering their
feet, now naked, as became priestly service in the presence of the
Almighty. His highest servants, they were there to minister to Him
and proclaim His glory, each calling to the other: "Holy, holy,
holy, God of hosts; all the earth is full of His glory." These
were seraphim, one of which flew towards Isaiah bearing a live coal
which he had taken from the altar, and with which he touched and
purified the Prophet's lips, that henceforth these might be
consecrated to the utterances of inspiration.
The first Choir of Angels: the Seraphim.
(6:1) An bhliain a bhfuair an Rí Uiziá bás, chonaic mé an Tiarna ina shuí ar ríchathaoir ard;
agus an sanctóir líonta lena scuaine:
(6:1) In the year king Uzziah died, I saw the lord seated on a high
and lofty throne, with the train of his garment filling the temple.|
(6:2) bhí saraifíní os a chionn, sé cinn d’eiteoga ar
gach aon acu; dhá cheann ag clúdach a ngnúise, dhá cheann lena gcosa a chlúdach, dhá
cheann chun eitilte.
(6:2) Seraphim were stationed above; each one of them had six wings:
with two they veiled their faces, with two they veiled their feet,
and with two they hovered aloft.
(6:3) “Is naofa, naofa, naofa Tiarna na Slua !"
Agus bhí siad ag scairteadh na bhfocal seo ar a chéile:
"Tá an talamh lán dá ghlóir !”
(6:3) "Holy, holy,holy is the Lord of hosts !" they cried one to the
other. "All the earth is filled with his glory !" |
The Cherubim rank after the seraphim and are the second highest in the
nine hierarchies or choirs of angels. They were closely linked in
God's glory. They are manlike in appearance and double-winged and
were guardians of God's glory. The bible references them in
The second highest choir of Angels: the Cherubim.
(3:23) Uime sin dhíbir an Tiarna Dia as gairdín éidin é chun an talamh as ar
tógadh é a shaothrú.|
(3:23) The Lord God therefore banished him (Adam) from the garden of Eden, to till
the ground from which he had been taken.|
(3:24) Dhíbir sé an duine, más ea, agus chuir sé na ceiribíní agus claíomh
lasrach ag síorchasadh, os'comhair ghairdín éidin chun an tslí go
crann na beatha a chosaint.|
(3:24) When he expelled the man, he settled him east of the garden of Eden;
and he stationed the Cherubim and the fiery revolving sword, to guard
the way to the tree of life.
God creates the thrones, Dominations, Virtues, Principalities, and Powers
Choir 3, 4, 5, 6 7: The Thrones, Dominations, Virtues,
Principalities, and Powers.
The VIRTUES, [the usual translation of the name of this order of
angels as "virtues" is readily misleading if the old meaning of the
word "virtue" as "power" or "force", especially as regards to divine
beings (cf Oxford English Dictionary), is not remembered.
(1:16) mar is trídsean a cruthaíodh a bhfuil ar neamh agus ar talamh
bídís sofheicthe nó dofheicthe, idir Thróin agus Thiarnais idir
Phrionsachtaí agus Chumhachtaí. Is trídsean agus dósan a cruthaíodh
(1:16) In him everything in heaven and on earth was created,
things visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominations,
principalities or powers, all were created through him, and for him. |
Ephesians 1:21 Virtues|
(1:20) chuir sé ag obair i gCríost nuair a thóg sé ó mhairbh é agus chuir ina shuí ar a dheis sna
(1:20) It is like the strength he showed in raising Christ from the
dead and seating him at his right hand in heaven,
(1:21) go hard os cionn gach ceannas agus údarás agus cumhacht agus
os cionn gach ainm dar féidir a ainmniú ní sa saol seo amháin é ach sa saol atá le teacht
(1:21) high above every principality, power, virtue, and domination,
and every name that can be given in this age or in the age to come.
The Archangel Michael drives Satan into Hell.
The eighth Choir of Angels: the Archangels|
(12:7) Ansin bhris cogadh amach sna flaithis, níor mhór do Mhícheál
agus dá chuid aingeal troid leis an dragan. D’fhreagair an dragan
agus a chuid aingeal an cath.
(12:7) Then war broke out in heaven; Michael and his angels battled
against the dragon. Although the dragon and his angels fought back
(12:8) ach ní rug siad bua, agus ní bhfuarthas a n-ionad sna
(12:8) they were overpowered and lost their place in heaven
(12:9) An dragan mór, an nathair nimhe chianaosta, an té ar a
dtugtar an Diabhal agus Sátan, an té a mheallann an saol go léir,
teilgeadh chun na talún é, agus teilgeadh a aingil mar aon leis.
(12:9) The huge dragon, the ancient serpent known as the devil or
Satan, the seducer of the whole world, was driven out; he was hurled
down to earth and his minions with him.
The Archangel Raphael and Tobiah:
If you have ever been curious about what angels are really "like" do
read the book of Tobiah. The angel Raphael in human form accompanies
the young Tobiah and his dog on a quest on behalf of his father over a period of
several years. It is toward the end of their journey and return to
Tobiah's father, a devout Jew exiled in Nineveh, that Raphael identifies
himself as the Archangel Raphael "one of the seven who stand before
the Lord." This is the only book in the bible where the reader is able
to "look over the shoulder" of a bona fide angel as he moves in
This is the passage where the Archangel identifies himself
Más ea, nuair a bhí tusa agus Sárá ag guí is mise a d’ofráil bhur
n-urnaithe suas mar chuimhneachán i láthair ghlóir an Tiarna agus a
léigh iad; agus ba é an scéal céanna é nuair a bhítheá ag adhlacadh
(12:12) I can now tell you that when you, Tobit, and Sarah prayed, it
was I who presented and read the record of your prayers before the
Glory of the Lord; and I did the same thing when you used to bury
(12:14) Cuireadh chugat mé chun tú a thástáil agus ag an am céanna chuir Dia
uaidh mé chun thú féin agus Sárá, bean chéile do mhic, a leigheas.
(12:14) At the same time, however, God commissioned me to heal you
and your daughter-in-law Sarah.
(12:15) Is mise Rafael, ceann den seachtar aingeal
atá ina lucht freastail ar Dhia na glóire agus a théann isteach
(12:15) I am Raphael, one of the seven angels who enter and serve
before the glory of the Lord.
The Archangel Gabriel visits Mary.
Séú mí, cuireadh an t-aingeal Gaibriéil ó Dhia go dtí cathair sa
Ghailíl darbh ainm Nazarat,
(1:26) "And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God
unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, |
2. chun maighdine a bhí luaite le fear de theaghlach Dháiví darbh ainm Iósaef,
agus b’é ab ainm don mhaighdean, Muire. |
(1:27) To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of
the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary.|
The Angel at the tomb of Christ
The ninth Choir: The Simply Angels
(28:2) Agus bhí maidhm mhór talún ann, mar thuirling aingeal an
Tiarna ó neamh agus tháinig ag iompú na cloiche siar agus shuigh sé
(28:2) Suddenly there was a mighty earthquake, as the angel of the
Lord descended from heaven. He came to the stone, rolled it back,
and sat on it.
(28:3) Bhí a ghnúis mar a bheadh splanc agus éadach air a bhí chomh
bán le sneachta.
(28:3) In appearance he resembled a flash of lightning while his
garments were as dazzling as snow.
Aingeal Cosantoir - Guardian Angel
That every individual soul has a guardian angel is not clearly stated
in the bible and has never been defined by the Church, and is, consequently, not an article of
faith; but it is the "mind of the Church", as St. Jerome expressed
it: "how great the dignity of the soul, since each one has from his
birth an angel commissioned to guard it." (Comm. in Matt., xviii,
(18:10) “Aire daoibh gan bheith neamhshuimiúil i nduine ar bith de na
rudaí beaga seo, óir deirim libh, bíonn a n-aingil ar neamh ag
breathnú de shíor ar ghnúis m’Athar atá ar neamh.
(18:10) "See that you despise not one of these little ones; for I say to you
that their angels in Heaven always see the face of My Father Who is
in Heaven" (Matthew 18:10), |
The Guardian Angels II
That every individual soul has a guardian angel is not clearly
stated in the bible and has never been defined by the Church, and
is, consequently, not an article of faith; but it is the "mind of
the Church", as St. Jerome expressed it: "how great the dignity of
the soul, since each one has from his birth an angel commissioned to
guard it." (Comm. in Matt., xviii, lib. II).
(91:10) Ní thiocfaidh aon urchóid i d’aice,
ná aon phlá i gcóngar do bhotha,|
(91:10) No evil shall befall you, nor shall affliction come near
(91:11) óir thug sé ordú dá aingil i do thaobh:
tú a chosaint i do shlite go léir.|
(91:11) for to his angels he has given command about you, that they
guard you in all your ways.
(91:12) Iompróidh siad thú lena lámha
sula mbuailfeá do chos in aghaidh cloiche.|
(91:12) Upon their hands they shall bear you up, lest you dash your
foot against a stone.|
Christmas: Angels at the Birth of Christ.
(2:7) agus rug sí a céadghin mic,
agus chuir i gcrios ceangail é, agus shín i mainséar é, de bhrí nach raibh slí dóibh san
(2:7) She (Mary) gave birth to her first born son and wrapped him in
swaddling clothes and laid him in a manger, because there was no room
for them in the inn.|
(2:8) Agus bhí aoirí sa taobh tíre céanna, amuigh faoin spéir, ag faireacháin oíche i mbun a
(2:8) There were shepherds in the region, living in the fields and
keeping night watch by turns over their flocks.|
(2:9) Agus sheas aingeal an Tiarna láimh leo, agus shoilsigh glóir an Tiarna ina
dtimpeall, agus bhí uamhan agus eagla mhór orthu.|
(2:9) The angel of the Lord appeared to them as the glory of the
Lord shown around them, and they were very much afraid. |
(2:10) Agus dúirt an t-aingeal leo: “Ná
bíodh eagla oraibh: óir féach, tá dea-scéala agam daoibh a chuirfidh áthas mór ar an
bpobal uile: |
(2:10) The angel said to them: "You have nothing to fear ! I come to
proclaim good news to you- tidings of great joy to be shared by the
(2:11) rugadh Slánaitheoir daoibh inniu – is é Críost an Tiarna é – i gcathair
(2:11) This day in David's city a saviour has been born to you,
the Messiah and Lord.|
(2:12) Agus is comhartha daoibh é seo: gheobhaidh sibh naíonán i gcrios ceangail agus
é ina luí i mainséar.”
(2:12) Let this be a sign to you: in a manger you will find an infant
wrapped in swaddling clothes." |
(2:13) Agus bhí go tobann, mar aon leis an aingeal, cuallacht de shlua na
bhflaitheas ag moladh Dé agus ag rá:|
(2:13) Suddenly there was with the angel a multidude of the heavenly
host, praising God and saying:
(2:14) “Glóir do Dhia in uachtar neimhe,
agus síocháin ar talamh don mhuintir ar a bhfuil a ghnaoi!”|
(2:14) Glory to God in the highest, peace on earth to men of good
Courtesy of Vivian Jack, IrishPage.com, Dec 2008
Irish Scripture from Biobla Naofa trans by an sagart
who is Mons. Pádraig ó Fiannachta (Fr. Fenton) from Co. Kerry.
English Bible text from New American Bible.
Filleadh go liosta
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